The Africanis is an old breed developed naturally in South Africa however, it has only been recently recognized as an official breed. Originally AfriCanis referred to all African dogs collectively, but over the years it developed into its own breed. This breed is resourceful with a slim, muscular build.
As mentioned above, the Africanis originated in Africa, after being developed naturally. The lineage of the breed can be traced back as far as 7000 years ago and their ancestors can be seen in cave art and Egyptian murals. They are referred to as “The Original Dog of Africa”, and are endemic to South Africa.
In pre-colonial South Africa, the Africanis was a valued breed for their hardiness and hunting ability, as well as their intelligence and loyalty. In the 21st century there was a shift and they started to be thought of as mongrels and street dogs as they were seen throughout the streets in the villages. There is currently work taking place to change the perception of the Africanis, and it was through this work that the breed found a name.
The Africanis breed has a comprehensive standard and sees a wide variation from dog to dog. These slender, athletic dogs can grow to be quite big with both the male and female able to become 24 inches and 100 pounds.
They have a short, sparse coat that can come in any combination of colors. However, it is recommended not to breed diluted, or blue coats due to health issues. The same is recommended for those who have blue, or dual colored eyes.
Africanis make excellent family pets as they’ve developed being by people, and not created by them. They can be great with people of all ages, including children, as they show patience and gentleness towards them.
At the same time, the Africanis has an inherent need to be free, so sometimes they need their space, and may not want to have a lot of physical contact. They get along with other dogs and pets, unless their owners are being directly threatened.
Caring for Africanis’
The Africanis requires very little maintenance. The low maintenance requirements stem from thousands of years of making it on its own, it has naturally evolved to take care of itself.
On average, Africanis’ should eat about 2 ½ cups of premium kibble a day. The breed is highly active so ensuring your dog is getting enough, of the right type, of nutrition is important so that they don’t become underweight.
When it comes to grooming the Africanis, there isn’t much that is required. Brushing them every week or so is generally enough, just to get rid of any loose hair or debris. Only bathe them when needed, if you bathe them too often, they will lose the natural oils on their skin and that can open them up to environmental hazards.
Africanis Activity Levels
Exercise is one area in which you will need to focus on with an Africanis. They have a great deal of energy and stamina and will need to get a good workout in for about 60 to 90 minutes each day. Running, over walking, is much more appreciated by this breed. Various vigorous exercises and activities are great for the Africanis.
There isn’t a lot of maintenance required with the Africanis. Their ears should be checked regularly to ensure they are free from debris and wax buildup, and that they are clean and dry.
The Africanis has naturally built up a resistance to many internal and external parasites, so there aren’t many health issues to be concerned with. One thing that you may want to look out for are dermoid sinus. And occasionally, they have developed entropion or ectropion. Overall though, Africanis are extremely an extremely healthy breed.
Breeds Similar to Africanis
- Basset Bleu de Gascogne
- Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
- Italian Greagle
- Styrian Course Haired Hound
- Malinois X