Antebellum Bulldog or Altamaha Plantation Bulldog, has recently joined the list of the dog breeds. Kudos to the Maxwell family who worked relentlessly to preserve this breed which was famous, around the vicinity of the rice paddy fields of Georgia’s Altamaha River, prior to the Civil War period. These rare white muscular Bulldogs which were once endangered are now back. Antebellum can prove out to be a good choice as a watchdog as well as your buddy.
Antebellum Bulldog History
If you think about the past of Antebellum Bulldogs so, their ancestors have a history that can be dated back to 1600s. They gained popularity due to their ability to hunt wild hogs in Southern America. During 1600s agriculture dominated the economy. These dogs were densely populated along the Altamaha River in Georgia. This area was primarily known for growing rice which was used to feed slaves. After the American Civil War, the agricultural sector faced a huge blow and the slavery system also went down.
Rice Plantation got replaced by industries. Moreover, during 1840s the strong American Put Bull Terriers started gaining more popularity than these dogs. Hence, the breed almost got extinct. Cole Maxwell worked in collaboration with the Animal Research Foundation (ARF) to preserve this breed. Several crosses of this breed were made using Alpaha Blueblood, Catahoula Bulldog, the American Staffordshire Terrier, Canary Island Presa and Dogo Argentino. The offspring got the title of Antebellum Bulldog. This breed is still rare with a population of around 100 dogs.
Antebellum Bulldog Characteristics
Antebellum Bulldogs tend to have large heads and are significantly tall. The male Antebellum Bulldog is around 25-30 inches tall and weighs around 80-150 pounds. However, the female Antebellum has a height around 25-28 inches and weight around 75-140 pounds. These dogs are strong, long and incredibly muscular.
These dogs have a longer and wider muzzle which helps them avoid breathing problems. Antebellums generally have fewer facial wrinkles and slight jowls. They can have brown, amber or blue eyes which gives them a fascinating yet formidable appearance. We have observed that Antebellums’ coat is made up of straight thin hair that are shorter in length. Their coat is either plain white or white with some patches of different sizes, shapes and are usually brown, grey or black in color.
Antebellum Bulldog Temperament/Personality
The Antebellum Bulldog is highly active. They have been bred in a way that it has fewer anger issues. These dogs are really affectionate and protective towards their owners and can be great friends of your children. However, they might take a little time to get frank with new people. At times they get strongly attached towards one person so, it is your responsibility to make them social since there puppyhood. These muscular dogs loves to cuddle. Although you can teach these dogs to socialize with other animals, they usually do not like other animals like cats and other dogs.
Caring for Antebellum Bulldog
Since Antebellum Bulldog is a highly active dog, it will require a lot of attention and care. We would suggest you to specifically allocate a time for its maintenance.
Antebellum Bulldog Nutrition
As you know Antebellum Bulldog is quite muscular and has high activity levels, you have to give it a proper meal of 3 cups of dog food per day. This can cost you around $1.5 – $1.9 per day or $39 – $50 per month.
You should make sure that you are using high-quality diets which are rich in nutrients and vitamins. We would suggest you to also avoid foods that contain high levels of sugar as they have a tendency to cause severe health issues. You should buy foods that are low in calories. Since these dogs are really playful you need to keep them hydrated. So, feeding them with wet dog food can help in this regard.
Antebellum Bulldog Grooming
Antebellum Bulldogs are one of those breeds which does not require a lot of grooming. A normal grooming routine would be fine. You have to brush them regularly with a slicker brush or a Deshedder as they tend to shed a lot of hair. They shed all round the year and in the season of shedding they shed even more. Their hair can stick on almost everything and are quite hard to remove so, you will have to keep a check on that. You will also have to keep a check on brushing their teeth. Furthermore, bathe the frequently.
Antebellum Bulldog Activity Levels
Being a descendant of highly active breeds, Antebellum Bulldogs are really active with high levels of stamina. They require around 1 hour of physical activity on a daily basis. These dogs love to walk and usually walk 14 miles per week. This can be a good opportunity for you to make them social.
This breed loves to play in a large enclosed yard which make them believe that they can play safely. If you are living in a flat or an apartment, we would suggest you to go for some other dog. If it does not get enough chance to utilize its energy by carrying out physical activities, it can get destructive. Training this breed can be quite tough so, you have to be a consistent leader who knows how to train his dog well.
Antebellum Bulldog Maintenance
Although Antebellum Bulldogs are quite a low-maintenance breed, there are few essentials to ensure that they stay healthy and fit. You have to keep a check on the cleanliness of their ears by wiping them with some wet cloth. We would advise you to consult a veterinarian for full physical checkup of your dog regularly. You should also take it for optical examinations and X-Ray occasionally to maintain it well.
Antebellum Bulldog Health
Since Antebellum Bulldog is a rare breed, no health studies have been carried on it yet. Nevertheless, we have observed that it has a better health than other Molossers.
It has a lesser tendency to develop any inherited disease as compared to any other pure bred dog. If there are no health defects in your dog and you maintain it well, an Antebellum Bulldog will have a life span of around 15 years.