Fila Brasileiro Breed Information – All You Need To Know

Fila Brasileiro dog, also known as Brazilian Mastiff and Cao de Fila, is medium to a large-sized, purebred dog. These are hardworking, aggressive, and alert dogs. Due to these qualities, they are great watchdogs. They need a dedicated owner to teach and train them. Brazilians used this breed to track down slaves. If you’re first time owning a dog, this may not be a good option for you.

The Fila Brasileiro is a loyal, friendly, and great family pet if they are trained properly. Several countries banned this breed due to its aggressive and impetuous nature. Early socialization is recommended for this dog to keep it calm and friendly around children and other dogs. However, supervision is also necessary with small kids due to their high prey drive.  

Fila Brasileiro History

Fila Brasileiro Breed Information All You Need To KnowThis breed was produced for hunting, guarding, and herding. Fila Brasileiros has its origins in Brazil, and they have been known since the 15th century. It is believed that they were developed by mixing Portuguese and Spanish dogs. Some people believe that they were produced by mixing the Bloodhound, the Bulldog, and the English Mastiff. They inherited most of the physical traits from the Bloodhound. 

Fila Brasileiro was used for herding cattle and hunting dangerous animals such as the elusive jaguar by Brazilian people. Back in the days when keeping slaves was legal, they were used for tracking down escaped slaves. These canines are very loyal to their owner but training them is not an easy job. By the mid of 17th century, Brazil outlawed slavery, and these dogs continued serving as great guard dogs. 

Fila Brasileiro Characteristics

Fila Brasileiro is a loyal, affectionate, and alert dog if a skillful owner raises it. It is a medium to a larger-sized canine that has a strong, muscular body. They have straight, long legs that give them a sloppy look. Their stature is longer than their height, and the long tail is held low. They have a large head like a mastiff, and their ears are triangular that are floppy. This breed has a short to medium-sized, dense coat that feels harsh. The most common coat colors are sable, brindle, black, brown, and fawn. They have deep dark eyes that give them curious-looking expressions. 

How Big do Fila Brasileiro Get

Fila Brasileiro is a medium to large-sized canine, sturdily built canine. The males’ height can be anywhere between 25 – 30 inches, and they can weigh around 90 – 110 pounds. The females’ height is somewhere between 23 – 28 inches, and their weight can vary between 85 – 105 pounds.       

How Long Does Fila Brasileiro Live

This canine lives shorter life than most of the smaller ones. Fila Brasileiro can live anywhere between 12 to 15 years. Proper care and a good diet would ensure a longer life. 

How Much Does a Fila Brasileiro Cost

Fila Brasileiro Dog is a purebred dog that is not very common. You should expect to pay something around $1500 to $2000 for a pup. The price of the dog can vary from place to place, so make sure to choose wisely from where you’re going to buy the pup. Adoption may cost you less than buying.  

Fila Brasileiro Temperament/Personality

Tough, alert, and active, the Fila Brasileiro is a great watchdog. They have an aggressive personality which benefits them during hunting and tracking. They were used for herding, hunting, and guarding by Brazilian locals. Due to their uncontrollable furious nature, they are banned from several European countries. These dogs have strong affection and loyalty toward their owner. 

Fila Brasileiro requires a good amount of attention when it comes to its training. They are not suitable around small dogs or other animals due to their high prey drive. Keep them under your supervision, and leaving them alone for a long time may not be a good idea. The apartment is not made for them, and they need open space to live. 

Caring for Fila Brasileiro Dog

Fila Brasileiro dog is an active and alert dog. They demand a good amount of care and attention to function properly. Don’t unleash them around kids or other small animals and when you take them on a walk across the street. Keep on reading to know more about your pup. 

Fila Brasileiro Nutrition

This moderate to high-energy canine would require a lot of food to fulfill its nutritional needs. On average, they consume 3 to 4 cups of high-quality food that can cost you around $39 to $52 a month. Make sure to include meat and vegetables in their diet. 

How to Groom a Fila Brasileiro

Fila Brasileiro dog’s coat is dense and coarse, so weekly brushing would best keep its shine. Use special dogs’ brush to remove tangles or matts from their dense coat. Bathe them only when they need it and use mild shampoo specially made for dogs to prevent their skin from drying out. Clean them using a soft cloth and make sure to check folds in their skin. Brush their teeth at least twice a week using special dogs’ toothpaste and clean their ears to avoid infections. Clipping of their nails using special dogs’ nail clippers is also important. Professional grooming after 8 to 10 months is recommended to keep them looking fresh. 

Fila Brasileiro Activity Levels

Fila Brasileiro has moderate levels of energy. Daily exercise and activity are important for them to release their energy and to stay fit and healthy. Take them on a walk for about 40 to 50 minutes a day. A fenced yard would be best to keep your pup, as they are not comfortable with congested places. They are playful if treated well, so play with them and, if possible, take them on a family trip, as outing is one of their favorite activities. 

Caring for Fila Brasileiro

Fila Brasileiro is an alert, active and aggressive dog. Meeting their daily requirements would be necessary to keep them in their best shape, and proper training is important to control them. They may try to hurt strangers, so teach them to act accordingly. 

Fila Brasileiro Health

Fila Brasileiro is a fairly healthy dog, but it may suffer from some diseases like Hip Dysplasia, Elbow Dysplasia, and Progressive Retinal Atrophy. Visit their vet at least once a month for proper checkups. 

Breeds Similar to Fila Brasileiro


Recommended Reading:

Editor's note: we may receive a percentage of revenue from items ordered via our links at no cost to you.